Sex became more socially acceptable outside the strict boundaries of heterosexual marriage.
Youngsters participating in Wet T-shirt contest during Spring breakUSA The term "sexual revolution" has been used since at least the late s.
Indicators of non-traditional sexual behavior e. LawrenceSigmund Freudand the Surrealist movement. Another likely cause was a vast improvement in obstetricsgreatly reducing the number of women who died due to childbearing, thus increasing the life expectancy of women.
A third, more indirect cause was the large number of children born in the s and early s all over the western world—the ' Baby Boom Generation '--many of whom would grow up in relatively prosperous and safe conditions, within a middle class on the rise and with better access to education and entertainment than ever before.
By their demographic weight and their social and educational background they came to trigger a shift in society towards more permissive and informalized attitudes. The discovery of penicillin led to significant reductions in syphilis mortality, which, in turn, spurred an increase in non-traditional sex during the mid to late s.
The number of unmarried Americans aged twenty to twenty-four more than doubled from 4. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. September Learn how and when to remove this template message Sigmund Freud of Vienna believed human behavior was motivated by unconscious drivesprimarily by the libido or "Sexual Energy".
Freud proposed to study how these unconscious drives were repressed and found expression through other cultural outlets. He called this therapy " psychoanalysis ". While Freud's ideas were sometimes ignored or provoked resistance within Viennese society, his ideas soon entered the discussions and working methods of anthropologists, artists and writers all over Europe, and from the s in the United States.
His conception of a primary sexual drive that would not be ultimately curbed by law, education or standards of decorum spelled a serious challenge to Victorian prudishnessand his theory of psychosexual development proposed a model for the development of sexual orientations and desires; children emerged from the Oedipus complexa sexual desire towards their parent of the opposite sex.
The idea of children having their parents as their early sexual targets was particularly shocking to Victorian and early 20th century society.
According to Freud's theory, in the earliest stage of a child's psychosexual development, the oral stagethe mother's breast became the formative source of all later erotic sensation. Much of his research remains widely contested by professionals in the field, though it has spurred critical developments in the humanities.
Anarchist Freud scholars Otto Gross and Wilhelm Reich who famously coined the phrase "Sexual Revolution" developed a sociology of sex in the s to s in which the animal-like competitive reproductive behavior was seen as a legacy of ancestral human evolution reflecting in every social relation, as per the freudian interpretation, and hence the liberation of sexual behavior a mean to social revolution.
The role of mass media[ edit ] Mead's Coming of Age in Samoa[ edit ] This section does not cite any sources. September Learn how and when to remove this template message The publication of anthropologist Margaret Mead 's Coming of Age in Samoa brought the sexual revolution to the public scene, as her thoughts concerning sexual freedom pervaded academia.
Published inMead's ethnography focused on the psychosexual development of Samoan adolescent children on the island of Samoa. She recorded that their adolescence was not in fact a time of "storm and stress" as Erikson's stages of development suggest, but that the sexual freedom experienced by the adolescents actually permitted them an easy transition from childhood to adulthood.
Mead called for a change in suppression of sexuality in America, and her work directly resulted in the advancement of the sexual revolution in the s.Terisa, 41, is at the center of this particular polyamorous cluster.
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