Overview[ edit ] A narrative is a telling of some true or fictitious event or connected sequence of events, recounted by a narrator to a narratee although there may be more than one of each.
Today, we complete our story about the influential English writer William Shakespeare. He wrote plays and poems during the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries.
They remain very popular today. Today, we talk about the events and cultural influences that affected Shakespeare and his art.
We also discuss the countless ways his works have influenced language and popular culture. Good sir, I heard you are a poet That was part of a dancing scene from the popular nineteen ninety-eight movie "Shakespeare in Love.
The movie is only very loosely based on real events, but it is a wonderful story. Many of Shakespeare's works were influenced by earlier writings. During this time, students would probably have learned several ancient Roman and Greek plays.
It was not unusual for writers to produce more current versions of these works. For example, in his play "The Comedy of Errors" Shakespeare borrows certain structural details from the ancient Roman playwright Plautus. It is also no accident that this play about a Scottish king was written a few years after James the First became King of England in sixteen-oh-three.
This new ruler was from Scotland and London was alive with Scottish culture. Shakespeare may have borrowed from other writers, but the intensity of his imagination and language made the plays his own.
Shakespeare was also influenced by the world around him. He describes the sights and sounds of London in his plays.
His works include observations about current political struggles, the fear of diseases, and the popular language of the city's tradesmen and other professionals. Shakespeare's knowledge of the English countryside is also clear.
His works include descriptions of deep forests, local flowers, and the ancient popular traditions of rural people. Shakespeare became a well-known writer during a golden age of theater. His years of hard work paid off. Over the years, he invested income from his acting company by purchasing land and other property.
He retired to the countryside a wealthy man. William Shakespeare died in his hometown of Stratford-upon-Avon in sixteen-sixteen at the age of fifty-two. While many plays by other writers of his time have been forgotten, Shakespeare and his art live on. It would be impossible to list all of the ways in which Shakespeare's works have influenced world culture.
But we can give a few important examples. The first example would have to include his great effect on the English language. During his time, the English language was changing. Many new words from other languages were being added. For example, he created the verb "to torture" and the noun forms of "critic," "mountaineer" and "eyeball.
These include "pomp and circumstance" from "Othello," "full circle" from "King Lear" and "one fell swoop" from "Macbeth. For example, it contains seventy-nine copies of the first printed collection of Shakespeare's plays.
The First Folio was published in sixteen twenty-three, after his death. It contained thirty-six of his plays. Without this important publication, eighteen of Shakespeare's plays would have been lost.
The Folger also has more than two hundred examples of Shakespeare's Quartos. These earlier publications of the plays were smaller and less costly to print.
You might be wondering which versions of Shakespeare's plays are read today.
Scholars who work on publishing many of the plays make careful choices about whether to use words from the First Folio, or the Quartos. The Folger Library also holds exhibits about the Renaissance period and Shakespearean culture.
The list of cultural creations influenced by Shakespeare is almost endless. From paintings to television to music and dance, Shakespeare is well represented. For example, the nineteenth century "Otello" by Giuseppe Verdi is an opera version of the tragic play "Othello.Romeo and Juliet's love-based union shows us a new focus on individual passion and inner conviction, a focus that was just starting to bubble up in Shakespeare's time.
In the play, it comes dangerously in conflict with social and familial expectations. The film suggests one way in which Shakespeare might have been influenced to write "Romeo and Juliet:" because of his relationship with a brave and lovely woman.
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