Main Blog A discussion I have been avoiding since starting this project is that of descriptive versus prescriptive statements.
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Merge this question into Split and merge into it SAVE In Philosophy and Philosophers Descriptive relativism examines, through factual accounts, a plethora of conflicting values without attempting to reach a definitive conclusion on morality.
For example a descriptive relativist might research the practice of cannibalism to the accepted abhorrence of it in certain cultures.
The relativist accepts that no factual account of peoples differing moral views will lead to a definitive moral conclusion, the relavtivist might adopt a personal viewpoint in the process though. For example that certain moral values are primitive compared to others and that we should therefore encourage the former in advancing their moral standard or that there are a wide variety of moral values and that there are no absolute values.
In contrast to this Normative relativism advocates that that different moral outlooks are appropriate in their own time. Moral values here a considered as cultural prefrences. In the same way that a cultures food and nutrition is developed according to the surroundings and resources, so are moral values.
However normative realism leads to unfavourable conclusions such as the non existence of moral progression, a case of genetic fallacy and a plethora of assumptions such as the unified and uniform moral opinions of every individual in a society at a given time.
So the distinction between normative and descriptive relativism is that normative realism provides one conclusion which although difinative, presents it with multiple issues.
Descriptive relativism doenst prescribe any particular conclusion but leaves morality as an open question. A Normative Theory expresses a judgment about whether a situation is desirable or undesirable, and is based upon some moray or standard. The world would be a better place if the moon were made of green cheese, is a normative statement because it expresses a judgment about what ought to be.
Notice that there is no way of disproving this statement. If you disagree with it, you have no sure way of convincing anyone, who believes the statement, that it is incorrect.
A Positive Theory expresses an opinion on a condition, assuming w hat is, and that contains no indication of approval or disapproval and is not based on any standard. Notice that a positive statement can be incorrect.
The moon is made of green cheese, is incorrect, but it is a positive statement because it is a statement about what exists. Whats the difference between a folkway norm violation and other norms violation? A folkway norm violations are violations of routine or casual interaction such as wearing an odd outfit of saying random things.
Mores are norms that do have great moral significance, such as laws. What is the difference between a normative and a positive statement? A positive statement describes how the economy really works, while a normative statement describes how the economy should work.
What is the difference between descriptive and inferential statistics? Both descriptive and inferential statistics look at a sample from some population. The difference between descriptive and inferential statistics is in what they do with that sample: Descriptive statistics aims to summarize the sample using statistical measures, such as average, median, standard deviation etc.
Inferential statistics aims to draw conclusions about the population from the sample at hand. For example, it may try to infer the success rate of a drug in treating high temperature, by taking a sample of patients, giving them the drug, and estimating the rate of effectiveness in the population using the rate of effectiveness in the sample.
Please see the related links for more details. Both of the these studies are non-experimental or "observational studies. In descriptive studiesthe researcher attempts to " describe " a group of individuals to document characteristics.
This may be by the use of questionnaires, interviews, or direct observations.Descriptive vs Normative Statements Essay. Question 1 To explain the distinction between Descriptive and Normative Statements one first has to understand the difference between Descriptive and Normative Ethics - Descriptive vs Normative Statements Essay introduction.
Descriptive ethics primarily describes people’s moral beliefs, claims and behaviors. Normative ethical statements are much more difficult to prove, and for some moral philosophers, are statements of value which are neither true nor false. Normative ethics deals with the formulation of ethical codes of behavior and moral models of evaluative decision making/5(6).
A helpful foundation when digging deeper into distinction between Descriptive and Normative statements is the subject of Moral and Cultural relativism.
To start, we need to know what the common factor is in these two types’ theories, and that common factor is the word relativism. So what does. Where descriptive statements indicate how things are, prescriptive statements indicate how things should be.
For example, a descriptive statement could be, “The U.S. federal government is $,,,, in debt,” and a prescriptive statement is, “The U.S. Federal government should not be able to incur such debt,” or “The U.S. Descriptive vs Normative Statements.
Topics: Morality, Positive and normative statements The importance of detecting bias in arguments Whenever you are reading articles on current affairs it is important to be able to distinguish between objective and subjective statements. Example of Positive Economics vs Normative Economics For example, the statement, "government should provide basic healthcare to all citizens" is a normative economic statement.