The array argument to match is a gawk extension. In compatibility mode see Optionsusing a third argument is a fatal error. The first piece is stored in array, the second piece in array, and so forth.
Not for sale or further reproduction. Feel free to link to this page! Tell me if you would like a link back to a URL, as these scholars have. Most cultures exhibit a particular configuration or style. A single value or pattern of perceiving the world often leaves its stamp on several institutions in the society.
Examples are "machismo" in Spanish-influenced cultures, "face" in Japanese culture, and "pollution by females" in some highland New Guinea cultures. Here Horace Miner demonstrates that "attitudes about the body" have a pervasive influence on many institutions in Nacirema society. In fact, if all of the logically possible combinations Examine the different functions performed by behavior have not been found somewhere in the world, he is apt to suspect that they must be present in some yet undescribed tribe.
The point has, in fact, been expressed with respect to clan organization by Murdock Little is known of their origin, although tradition states that they came from the east While much of the people's time is devoted to economic pursuits, a large part of the fruits of these labors and a considerable portion of the day are spent in ritual activity.
The focus of this activity is the human body, the appearance and health of which loom as a dominant concern in the ethos of the people.
While such a concern is certainly not unusual, its ceremonial aspects and associated philosophy are unique. Incarcerated in such a body, man's only hope is to avert these characteristics through the use of ritual and ceremony.
Every household has one or more shrines devoted to this purpose. The more powerful individuals in the society have several shrines in their houses and, in fact, the opulence of a house is often referred to in terms of the number of such ritual centers it possesses.
Most houses are of wattle and daub construction, but the shrine rooms of the more wealthy are walled with stone. Poorer families imitate the rich by applying pottery plaques to their shrine walls. The rites are normally only discussed with children, and then only during the period when they are being initiated into these mysteries.
In this chest are kept the many charms and magical potions without which no native believes he could live. These preparations are secured from a variety of specialized practitioners. The most powerful of these are the medicine men, whose assistance must be rewarded with substantial gifts.
However, the medicine men do not provide the curative potions for their clients, but decide what the ingredients should be and then write them down in an ancient and secret language.
This writing is understood only by the medicine men and by the herbalists who, for another gift, provide the required charm. As these magical materials are specific for certain ills, and the real or imagined maladies of the people are many, the charm-box is usually full to overflowing.
The magical packets are so numerous that people forget what their purposes were and fear to use them again. While the natives are very vague on this point, we can only assume that the idea in retaining all the old magical materials is that their presence in the charm-box, before which the body rituals are conducted, will in some way protect the worshiper.
Each day every member of the family, in succession, enters the shrine room, bows his head before the charm-box, mingles different sorts of holy water in the font, and proceeds with a brief rite of ablution. Were it not for the rituals of the mouth, they believe that their teeth would fall out, their gums bleed, their jaws shrink, their friends desert them, and their lovers reject them.
They also believe that a strong relationship exists between oral and moral characteristics. For example, there is a ritual ablution of the mouth for children which is supposed to improve their moral fiber. Despite the fact that these people are so punctilious [ 6 ] about care of the mouth, this rite involves a practice which strikes the uninitiated stranger as revolting.
It was reported to me that the ritual consists of inserting a small bundle of hog hairs into the mouth, along with certain magical powders, and then moving the bundle in a highly formalized series of gestures. These practitioners have an impressive set of paraphernalia, consisting of a variety of augers, awls, probes, and prods.
The holy-mouth-man opens the client's mouth and, using the above mentioned tools, enlarges any holes which decay may have created in the teeth. Magical materials are put into these holes.
If there are no naturally occurring holes in the teeth, large sections of one or more teeth are gouged out so that the supernatural substance can be applied. In the client's view, the purpose of these ministrations [ 8 ] is to arrest decay and to draw friends. The extremely sacred and traditional character of the rite is evident in the fact that the natives return to the holy-mouth-men year after year, despite the fact that their teeth continue to decay.
One has but to watch the gleam in the eye of a holy-mouth-man, as he jabs an awl into an exposed nerve, to suspect that a certain amount of sadism is involved.
If this can be established, a very interesting pattern emerges, for most of the population shows definite masochistic tendencies. It was to these that Professor Linton referred in discussing a distinctive part of the daily body ritual which is performed only by men.
This part of the rite includes scraping and lacerating the surface of the face with a sharp instrument. Special women's rites are performed only four times during each lunar month, but what they lack in frequency is made up in barbarity.
As part of this ceremony, women bake their heads in small ovens for about an hour.Course materials and notes for Stanford class CSn: Convolutional Neural Networks for Visual Recognition. Let's examine each of these: Default constructor The default constructor is the constructor called when objects of a class are declared, but are not initialized with any arguments.
If a class definition has no constructors, the compiler assumes the class to have an implicitly defined default rutadeltambor.comore, after declaring a class like this. This webpage is for Dr.
Wheeler's literature students, and it offers introductory survey information concerning the literature of classical China, classical Rome, classical Greece, the Bible as Literature, medieval literature, Renaissance literature, and genre studies.
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|Sleep and Metabolism: An Overview||Read full answer to "Can creatine cause cancer? Does creatine benefit elite athletes?|
|CSn Convolutional Neural Networks for Visual Recognition||History[ edit ] In the 's, research on people with certain brain injuries made it possible to suspect that the "language center" in the brain was commonly situated in the left hemisphere.|
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|Short Table of Contents||What are the Various Functions of the Family? The importance of family is closely related to the various functions which it performs towards society.|
Sleep and its disorders are increasingly becoming important in our sleep deprived society. Sleep is intricately connected to various hormonal and metabolic processes in the body and is important in maintaining metabolic homeostasis.
Research shows that sleep deprivation and sleep disorders may have profound metabolic and cardiovascular implications. Three Basic Functions are generally noted: there is perhaps nothing more subtle than language is, and nothing has as many different uses.
A. Without a doubt, identifying just these three basic functions is an oversimplification, but an awareness of these functions is a good introduction to the complexity of language. THE FAMOUS THEORIES ON THE FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT. Since management involves solving the problems within an organization in order to reach the desired objectives, the focus is on understanding the functions that make up the process.