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Sullivanwhose real interest was, ironically, serious music, which he composed with varying degrees of success, achieved fame for his comic opera scores rather than for his more earnest efforts. It is often included in definitions of irony not only that incongruity is present but also that the incongruity must reveal some aspect of human vanity or folly.
Thus the majority of American Heritage Dictionary's usage panel found it unacceptable to use the word ironic to describe mere unfortunate coincidences or surprising disappointments that "suggest no particular lessons about human vanity or folly.
A condition of affairs or events of a character opposite to what was, or might naturally be, expected; a contradictory outcome of events as if in mockery of the promise and fitness of things. In French, ironie du sort. The Socratic irony of the Platonic dialogues derives from this comic origin.
Aristotle mentions Eironeia, which in his time was commonly employed to signify, not according to the modern use of 'Irony, saying the contrary to what is meant', but, what later writers usually express by Litotesi.
Referring to the origins of irony in Ancient Greek comedy, and the way classical and medieval rhetoricians delineated the term. A self-aware and self-critical form of fiction. A contrast between the absolute and the relative, the general and the individual, which Hegel expressed by the phrase, "general [irony] of the world.
A contradiction between a statement's stated and intended meaning Situational irony: The disparity of intention and result; when the result of an action is contrary to the desired or expected effect. Dramatic irony and tragic irony: A disparity of awareness between an actor and an observer: It is most often used when the author causes a character to speak or act erroneously, out of ignorance of some portion of the truth of which the audience is aware.
In tragic irony, the audience knows the character is making a mistake, even as the character is making it. Verbal irony According to A glossary of literary terms by Abrams and Hartman, Verbal irony is a statement in which the meaning that a speaker employs is sharply different from the meaning that is ostensibly expressed.
An ironic statement usually involves the explicit expression of one attitude or evaluation, but with indications in the overall speech-situation that the speaker intends a very different, and often opposite, attitude or evaluation.
For instance, if a man exclaims, "I'm not upset! But if the same speaker said the same words and intended to communicate that he was upset by claiming he was not, the utterance would be verbal irony. This distinction illustrates an important aspect of verbal irony—speakers communicate implied propositions that are intentionally contradictory to the propositions contained in the words themselves.
There are, however, examples of verbal irony that do not rely on saying the opposite of what one means, and there are cases where all the traditional criteria of irony exist and the utterance is not ironic.IN WHICH NOVELIST David Foster Wallace VISITS THE SET OF DAVID LYNCH'S NEW MOVIE AND FINDS THE DIRECTOR BOTH grandly admirable AND sort of nuts.
Irony hinges on a reversal of expectations. Situational irony occurs when what happens is the opposite of what one might naturally expect. In "The Story of an Hour," Louise Mallard's two different. All through and into I kept a list of the books I hoped to write about for Bubba’s Book Club.
(The key word was “hoped.”) Unlike most book reviewers, I have the luxury of choosing to read only books that I expect to enjoy — whether on the strength of a good review, a friend’s recommendation, or a taste for the author’s previous work. A friend of a friend told me that he tried to set the price of his game to some figure or other but that Valve vetoed it and set it to something else.
The title of Charles Dickens’s novel Great Expectations mainly refers to Pip’s "great expectations" which are many dimensional and ever-evolving. His great expectations arrive in the form of his fortune and are embodied in his dream of becoming a gentleman.
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