Guidelines for writing a research paper in apa

Thus, APA is mostly used in English college writing.

Guidelines for writing a research paper in apa

Below are standard formats and examples for basic bibliographic information recommended by the American Psychological Association APA.

For more information on the APA format, see http: Basics Your list of works cited should begin at the end of the paper on a new page with the centered title, References. Alphabetize the entries in your list by the author's last name, using the letter-by-letter system ignore spaces and other punctuation.

Only the initials of the first and middle names are given. If the author's name is unknown, alphabetize by the title, ignoring any A, An, or The.

For dates, spell out the names of months in the text of your paper, but abbreviate them in the list of works cited, except for May, June, and July.

Use either the day-month-year style 22 July or the month-day-year style July 22, and be consistent. With the month-day-year style, be sure to add a comma after the year unless another punctuation mark goes there.

When reports were written on typewriters, the names of publications were underlined because most typewriters had no way to print italics.

A good example of an abstract: things to remember

If you write a bibliography by hand, you should still underline the names of publications. But, if you use a computer, then publication names should be in italics as they are below. Always check with your instructor regarding their preference of using italics or underlining. Our examples use italics.

Capitalization, Abbreviation, and Punctuation The APA guidelines specify using sentence-style capitalization for the titles of books or articles, so you should capitalize only the first word of a title and subtitle.


The exceptions to this rule would be periodical titles and proper names in a title which should still be capitalized. The periodical title is run in title case, and is followed by the volume number which, with the title, is also italicized.

If there are more than six authors, list only the first one and use et al. Place the date of publication in parentheses immediately after the name of the author.

Place a period after the closing parenthesis. Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works within longer works.

APA format title page

Format Examples Books Format: Author's last name, first initial. Vanishing wildlife of North America. A history of the heroes of the imagination. A practical guide for creating tables. A reader's guide to science fiction. Facts on File, Inc. Title of Encyclopedia Volume, pages.

guidelines for writing a research paper in apa

In The new encyclopedia britannica Vol. Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary 10th ed.Guidelines for Qualitative Papers There is no one qualitative method, but rather a number of research approaches which fall under the umbrella of ‘qualitative methods’. The various social science disciplines tend to have different conventions on best practice in qualitative research.

Click on the link above in the Media box to download the pdf handout, APA Sample Paper. Traditionally, APA dictated writing in an impersonal form, not using the pronouns 'I', or 'We'.

One of the major changes in APA format is that, in a co-authored paper, you can use 'We'. For example, 'We found that', or 'Our research showed that'. Grammarly makes sure everything you typeGrammarly quickly and easily makes your writing better.

– The purpose of this paper is to describe and model APA-style of writing for research reports.

Each section of an APA-style paper is described and is written according to the APA-style guidelines to allow you to use it as a model. The American Psychological Association or APA research format is a writing method recommended by the aforementioned organization.

This is usually used in social science subjects and is written using two general concepts.

guidelines for writing a research paper in apa

Two General APA Concepts. Firstly, an APA style paper can be used for scientific research papers in order to present an existing and proven theory.

General Format // Purdue Writing Lab