Text-only version of this page The Guide to Grammar and Writing is sponsored by the Capital Community College Foundationa nonprofit c-3 organization that supports scholarships, faculty development, and curriculum innovation. If you feel we have provided something of value and wish to show your appreciation, you can assist the College and its students with a tax-deductible contribution. Phone or email: These pages were designed with Cascading Style Sheets and will work best with recent versions of Internet Explorer and Netscape Navigator 6.
Origins[ edit ] In the first centuries of typesettingquotations were distinguished merely by indicating the speaker, and this can still be seen on some editions of the Bible. During the Renaissancequotations were distinguished by setting in a typeface contrasting with the main body text often Italic type with romanor the other way round.
Block quotations were set this way at full size and full measure. Quotation marks were first cut in type during the middle of the sixteenth century, and were used copiously by some printers by the seventeenth.
In Baroque and Romantic-period books, they could be repeated at the beginning of every line of a long quotation. When this practice was abandoned, the empty margin remained, leaving an indented block quotation.
To a large extent the specific format may be dictated by the method of publication e. For writers and editors, The Chicago Manual of Style 8th edition, recommends using a block quotation when cited text is five lines or longer.
Use of the block quotation for shorter passages is a stylistic choice that may or may not be acceptable depending on the situation. Some guidelines suggest an indentation of five, ten, or fifteen spaces. However, five spaces in a proportional font may be much narrower than in a typewriter font of the same point size.
In addition, setting an indent based on an exact number of spaces may not be technically possible in a given word processing or electronic publishing application.
Some writers indent block quotations from the right margin as well. Block quotations are generally set off from the text that precedes and follows them by also adding extra space above and below the quotation and setting the text in smaller type.
Barring specific requirements, the format of the block quotation will ultimately be determined by aestheticsmaking the quotation pleasing to the eye, easy to read, and appropriate for the particular writing task.
In typesettingblock quotations can be distinguished from the surrounding text by variation in typeface often italic vs.
Often combinations of these methods are used, but are not necessary. Block quotations are also visually distinguished from preceding and following main text blocks by a white line or half-line space. Fielding hides his own opinions on the matter deep in Tom Jones: Now, in reality, the world have paid too great a compliment to critics, and have imagined them men of much greater profundity than they really are.
From this complaisance the critics have been emboldened to assume a dictatorial power, and have so far succeeded that they are now become the masters, and have the assurance to give laws to those authors from whose predecessors they originally received them.A block quotation (also known as a long quotation or extract) is a quotation in a written document that is set off from the main text as a paragraph, or block of text, and typically distinguished visually using indentation and a different typeface or smaller size font.
This is in contrast to setting it off with quotation marks in a run-in rutadeltambor.com quotations are used for long quotations. Learn the rules, and the quirks, of English grammar - from parts of speech to punctuation. With descriptive speech and clear writing you can entertain, persuade, inform and educate.
6 Easy Rules with examples for punctuating quotation in dialogue and conversation. Includes examples, Words for Said chart and writing conversation tips. But like with any other punctuation mark, when used incorrectly quotation marks cause confusion and funny mishaps.
If it’s been a while since you brushed up on your quotation mark uses, check out these 10 rules you really ought know. The first sentence contains a direct quote, a quote in which you report the exact words John rutadeltambor.com second sentence contains an indirect quote, which is a paraphrased version of what John rutadeltambor.comion marks are used only .
There are two basic types of summaries: a reader summary, that you compose to develop a better understanding of what you have read, or a summary essay, which is written for others and is an overview of an original text.