See Article History Alternative Title: John Caldwell Calhoun John C. Two years after enrolling in a local academy at age 18, he entered the junior class at Yale Collegewhere he graduated with distinction.
Early life Coat of Arms of John C. After the death of the elder Patrick inthe family moved to southwestern Virginia. He was known as an Indian fighter and an ambitious surveyor, farmer, planter and politician, being a member of the South Carolina Legislature.
As a Presbyterian, he stood opposed to the Anglican elite based in Charleston. He continued his studies privately. When his father died, his brothers were away starting business careers and so the year old Calhoun took over management of the family farm and five other farms.
For four years he simultaneously kept up his reading and his hunting and fishing. The family decided he should continue his education, and so he resumed studies at the Academy after it reopened.
For the first time in his life, Calhoun encountered serious, advanced, well-organized intellectual dialogue that could shape his mind. Yale was dominated by President Timothy Dwighta Federalist who became his mentor. Biographer John Niven says: No one, he thought, could explicate the language of John Locke with such clarity.
He graduated as valedictorian in He was admitted to the South Carolina bar in Dwight, Reeve, and Gould could not convince the young patriot from South Carolina as to the desirability of secession, but they left no doubts in his mind as to its legality.
Colhouna leader of Charleston high society.
The couple had 10 children over 18 years: Three of them, Floride Pure, Jane, and Elizabeth, died in infancy. He was raised Calvinist but was attracted to Southern varieties of Unitarianism of the sort that attracted Jefferson.
Southern Unitarianism was generally less organized than the variety popular in New England. He was generally not outspoken about his religious beliefs.
After his marriage, Calhoun and his wife attended the Episcopal Church, of which she was a member. Brushing aside the vehement objections of both anti-war New Englanders and arch-conservative Jeffersonians led by John Randolph of Roanokethey demanded war against Britain to preserve American honor and republican values, which had been violated by the British refusal to recognize American shipping rights.
The opening phase involved multiple disasters for American arms, as well as a financial crisis when the Treasury could barely pay the bills.
The conflict caused economic hardship for the Americans, as the Royal Navy blockaded the ports and cut off imports, exports and the coastal trade.
Several attempted invasions of Canada were fiascos, but the U. These Indians had, in many cases, cooperated with the British or Spanish in opposing American interests. One colleague hailed him as "the young Hercules who carried the war on his shoulders. It called for a return to the borders of with no gains or losses.
Before the treaty reached the Senate for ratification, and even before news of its signing reached New Orleans, a massive British invasion force was utterly defeated in January at the Battle of New Orleansmaking a national hero of General Andrew Jackson.
Americans celebrated what they called a "second war of independence" against Britain. This led to the beginning of the " Era of Good Feelings ", an era marked by the formal demise of the Federalist Party and increased nationalism.
In he called for building an effective navy, including steam frigates, as well as a standing army of adequate size. The British blockade of the coast had underscored the necessity of rapid means of internal transportation; Calhoun proposed a system of "great permanent roads".John C.
Calhoun: “On the Second Resolution Reported by the Committee on Foreign Relations” John C. Calhoun: "On the Relation Which the States and General Government Bear to Each Other" John C. Calhoun: "To the People of the United States". John C. Calhoun–valedictorian of his class at Yale, Vice President, Secretary of War, and Senator–was one of the greatest statesmen America has produced.
Margaret Coit wrote a favorable biography of him in that won a Pulitzer Prize. Clyde Wilson is a distinguished Professor Emeritus of History at the University of South Carolina where he was the editor of the multivolume The Papers of John C.
Calhoun. He is the M.E. Bradford Distinguished Chair at the Abbeville Institute. Dec 11, · In your group of no more than three, please re-read “Slavery: A Positive Good.” Review your own “translation” of John C.
Calhoun’s speech. You should have notes from your first reading. John C. Calhoun believed that our country relied too much on compromise.
Instead of reinforcing the law or debating upon change everyone wants to compromise and satisfy the wants and needs of all people. Aug 21, · Watch video · John C. Calhoun (), was a prominent U.S. statesman and spokesman for the slave-plantation system of the antebellum South.